Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste




Market in Dili city(img)

Market in Dili city

Timor-Leste had been colonized by Portugal since the 16th century. In 1974, Portugal abandoned its sovereignty over Timor-Leste, but it was followed by the annexation by Indonesia in 1976. Armed violence occurred between pro-independence and pro-Indonesia militias after the annexation, but finally the peace agreement was concluded in 1999.

On May 20, 2002, after a Constituent Assembly election in August 2001 and a presidential election in April 2002, East Timor gained its independence, becoming the first nation to do so in the twenty-first century. The country is now in the process of establishing itself as an independent state.

In the course of these developments, the UN Mission in East Timor ( UNAMET ), the UN Transitional Administration in East Timor ( UNTAET ), and the UN Mission of Support in East Timor ( UNMISET ) have played key roles. In addition, due to the deterioration in the security situation from April 2006, the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste ( UNMIT ) was established in August of the same year.

Japan has sent a total of some 3,400 personnel to East Timor and other places in an international peace cooperation assignment to assist the UN activities.


Material assistance June 1999 Contribution in kind to UNAMET 
PKO July 1999 International Peace Cooperation Assignment in East Timor
Material assistance Oct. 1999 Contribution in kind to UNHCR for the Relief of East Timorese Displaced Persons
Humanitarian relief Nov. 1999 International Peace Cooperation Assignment for East Timorese Displaced Persons
Election monitoring Aug. 2001 International Peace Cooperation Assignment in East Timor
PKO Feb. 2002 International Peace Cooperation Assignment in East Timor
Election monitoring Apr. 2002 International Peace Cooperation Assignment for East Timorese Election Observation
PKO Jan. 2007 International Peace Cooperation Assignment in Timor-Leste
Election monitoring Mar.2007 International Peace Cooperation Assignment for Timor-Leste Election Observation
PKO Sep. 2010 International Peace Cooperation Assignment in Timor-Leste