Contributions in kind

So far, Japan has made contributions in kind to the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia ( UNTAC ), the United Nations Operation in Mozambique ( ONUMOZ ), the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force ( UNDOF ), the United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor ( UNAMET ), the United Nations Mission in the Sudan ( UNMIS ), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees ( UNHCR ), the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East ( UNRWA ) and the International Organization for Migration ( IOM ).

Moreover, in order to more quickly meet the need for contributions in kind in relation to International Humanitarian Relief Operations, Japan organized the Humanitarian Relief Supply Stockpile System in 1997.

Humanitarian Relief Supply Stockpile System

To respond rapidly and appropriately to the demands of International Humanitarian Relief Operations, such as in the case of massive outflows of afflicted people, five basic items necessary for the survival of afflicted people have been selected for stockpiling: tents, blankets, sleeping mats, jerry cans and plastic sheets. They are currently stockpiled in the Emirate of Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

General Flow of Humanitarian Relief Supplies to Afflicted People

(img)Stockpiling of a certain amount of humanitarian relief supplies in preparation for emergency demands

1. Stockpiling of a certain amount of humanitarian relief supplies in preparation for emergency demands

arrow Quick delivery of supplies

2. Quick delivery of supplies from warehouses to airports and harbors following a cabinet decision in response to requests from international organizations Transporting of supplies to a recipient country via aircraft and ships

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Distribution of supplies

4. Distribution of supplies by UNHCR and other relief implementation agencies after the supplies arrive at afflicted sites

arrow Transporting of supplies by trucks

3. Transporting of supplies by trucks and other convenient means of transportation once the supplies arrive in the recipient country

Flow Chart of Contributions in kind

Flow Chart of Contributions in kind(Image)

Types of Stockpiled Supplies

(img)Tent Tent
Thick canvases are used in order to shut out direct sunlight and prevent the room temperature from rising. Ventilation is secured, and a simple design that permits easy repairs was adopted.(4m x 4m, for a family)
(img)Sleeping mat Sleeping mat
A three-layer foam material core allows a person to sleep comfortably on a hard surface.
(img)Blanket Blanket
Made of fleece, using recycled plastic bottles; durable, dry easily, and stay warm.
(img)Jerry can Jerry can
Light-weight for ease of portability and made of durable polyethylene that permits the container to be folded. 10 liters, considering that one person needs about 10 liters of water for daily living.
(img)Plastic sheet Plastic sheet
A very versatile item that can be laid on the ground or used for roofing. 4m x 5m