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May 13, 2011

Conditions of Lifeline and Infrastructure in the Affected Areas(Mainly in Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima Prefectures)

1. Rubble removal and temporary houses

(a) Rubble removal
  • The number of municipalities which have introduced temporary dump place for rubbles are as follows;
    Iwate Pref.: 12 municipalities along the coastlines (total 82 sites)
    Miyagi Pref.: 33 municipalities (total 113 sites)
    Fukushima Pref.: 26 municipalities (total 134 sites)
  • The amount of rubbles transported to temporary dump sites are as follows;
    Iwate Pref.: 1.1million tons.
    (Approx. 18% of the estimated total amount of 6 million tons)
    Miyagi Pref.: 2.3 million tons.
    (Approx. 14% of the estimated total amount of 16 million tons)
    Fukushima Pref.:120 thousand tons.
    (Approx. 4% of the estimated total amount of 2.9 million tons)
(b) Temporary houses
  • 30,000 temporary houses are to be constructed by the end of May and another 30,000 will be provided in the three months thereafter.
  • Status of preparing temporary houses are as follows;
    Under construction: 18,968
    Constructed: 10,362
    To be constructed: 3,497 (in 78 areas)

2. Lifeline

(a) Electricity
(As of May 6)
  • 6,000 houses are suffering from blackout in the area covered by the Tohoku Electric Power (Approx. 700 houses in Iwate Pref. and Approx. 6,000 houses in Miyagi Pref.).
  • Status;
    (1)The number of houses suffering from blackout in the area where the Tohoku Electric Power will be able to start the restoration work: Approx. 6,000 houses.
    (2) The number of houses suffering from blackout in the area where the Tohoku Electric Power will be able to start restoration work after the removal of rubble: Approx. 100 houses.
(As of May 5)
  • The number of houses for which the electricity delivery is suspended for reasons such as absence of owners: Approx. 14,000 houses.
  • The number of the houses located in the severely affected areas where houses were engulfed and flown away by the tsunami: Approx. 79,000 houses.
  • The number of houses located in the restricted entry area of the Fukushima Pref.: Approx. 32,000 houses.
(b) Gas
  • As for the city gas supply, the access for Approx. 360,000 houses were restored by May 3 except the area where houses were engulfed and flown away by the tsunami.
  • As for the LPG supply, the access had been restored and available except the area where houses were engulfed and flown away by the tsunami (As of May 12).
(c) Water supply
  • Approx. 2,220,000 houses have recovered access to water supply.
    (As of May 11) In 3 prefectures, water service is suspended (approx. 70,000 houses in total, approx. 22,000 houses in Iwate, approx. 41,000 houses in Miyagi, approx. 7,000 houses in Fukushima).
  • Water-suppliers in the affected areas are working for the restoration of facilities in cooperation with other water suppliers from entire nation.
(d) Market and distribution industry
(1) Market
4 wholesale markets in the disaster stricken area (Sendai City Central Wholesale Market, Sendai Central Meat Wholesale Market, Fukushima City Central Wholesale Market, and Iwaki City Central Wholesale Market) have reopened for business. However, the activities are still restricted in the Sendai Central Meal Wholesale Market which was severely damaged by the disaster.
(2) Distribution industry
In the damaged area, 90 % of stores are open for business including the stores with limited business hours and spaces, and open-air stores. On the other hand, the majority of the stores are still closed in the severely affected coastal area and surrounding area of the nuclear power plant.
(e) Fuel
【Oil refineries】
  • 3 out of 6 oil refineries suspended after the disaster have been completely restored. The restoration of the other three refineries (JX Sendai Refinery, JX Kashima Refinery, and Cosmo Oil Chiba Refinery) will be prolonged for the full recovery.
  • Supply of oil products including gasoline in Tohoku has recovered to 38,000 kl per day, same level as daily demand before the disaster.
【Gas stations】
  • The functioning gas stations increased to 91% (As of May 9).
    Provisional mini-gas-stations were built in 9 municipalities including Rikuzentakata. The portable and secondhand refueling facilities and tank containers were also equipped in these mini-gas stations.
(f) Sewer
  • In 133 out of 135 municipalities where sewage pipes were damaged, visual examinations have been completed.
  • In the coastal area of the Iwate, Miyagi, Fukushima and Ibaragi prefectures, 19 sewage plants are being suspended operation due to the damage of electric machinery devices mainly by Tsunami. In 10 out of these 19 plants suffering inflow of sewage, emergency measures are being implemented including primary treatment such as deposition and disinfection.
  • 36 pump facilities suspend operation.
  • Emergency measures are being implemented including setting up of provisional bypass pipes and pumps to damaged parts of sewer culverts.
【Community Wastewater】
  • Regional agricultural administration offices are conducting emergency support measures, technical consultation on restoration from disaster.
(g) Bank
  • Closed banks reduced from 280 branches (March 14) to 91 (May 12) which is equivalent to 3% of all financial institutions.
(h) Post office
  • Closed post offices reduced from 583 branches (March 14) to 94 (May 12) which is equivalent to 9% of all post offices in the affected area.
  • Delivery and collection services are being implemented in all areas except 6 evacuation zones of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.
(i) Express home delivery service
  • Delivery and collection services restarted except in some areas. Covered areas are being expanded. (Service is suspended in part of 5 municipalities of Futaba district in Fukushima Prefecture.) In the area where the collection and distribution functions to the door do not work, local offices offer service only in office.
(j) Communication
  • NTT’s switching center of landlines and cellular stations were restored except some areas by the end of April. Approx. 12,000 landlines and 505 cellular base-stations remain out of connection as of May 12.
  • 3 out of 56 TV relay stations are out of operation in Miyagi prefecture. (2 sites lost power supply and 1 site was damaged.) (The affected bases cover a limited number of households.)
  • 1 TV relay station and 1 radio relay station located in alert zone of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (Area within 20 Km) suspend their operation.
    NHK Miyakoji Analog relay station at Miyako Town, Tamura city
    NHK Futaba Middle Wave Daiichi relay station at Tomioka Town, Fitaba District

3. Transportation

(a) Road
  • Blocked highways and routes are as follows;
    1 section of highway (Joban Expressway between Hirono and Joban-Tomioka), 4 sections of national routes, 22 sections of prefectural roads and 163 sections of local roads
  • Railway
  • Recovery of railway services are as follows;
    Tohoku /Akita/Yamagata Shinkansen(bullet train): 100%
    Local lines in the affected area: 95%
    Railway service between Sendai and Ichinoseki of Tohoku Shinkansen reopened on April 29. The line is completely reopened.
(b) Buses
  • Buses on a regular route required for daily life, especially in the shelters area, have restarted service by 70% compared to the pre-disaster period.
  • Alternative service by buses is being offered to cover the suspended service of the local train affected by disaster.
(c) Aviation
  • Sendai airport has resumed operation for civil airlines since April 13 and has been under reconstruction toward full recovery.
  • All of the 13 airports around the affected area are operating.
(d) Shipping and ports
  • Through emergency recovery operation of shipping routes and quays, 36% of the wharf wall (-4.5m deep in depth) of all public ports from Hachinohe to Kashima is provisionally available. There remain limit of load and draft.
(e) Sea routes to isolated islands
  • Recovery of sea routes to isolated islands services are as follows;
    Kesennuma-Oshima route: resumed since March 30
    Ishinomaki-Nagato route: resumed since March 24
    Shiogama-Houjima route; partially resumed since March 26
(f) Ferries
  • Recovery of sea routes of ferries services are as follows;
    Hachinohe-Tomakomai route: replaced by Aomori-Tomakomai route (reopened since March 22)
    Nagoya-Sendai-Tomakomai route: Sendai-Tomakomai route reopened since March 28, and Nagoya-Sendai-Tomakomai route partially reopened since April 11, out of service for passenger ferry. Service for passenger ferry have resumed between Sendai and Tomakomai since April 28.
    Ooarai-Tomakomai route: remain closed.

4. Others

(a) River
  • Emergency restoration work was implemented for the sites that require especially urgent responses and completed in 40 sites.
(b) Seacoast
  • Emergency restoration work is under way for the sites that require especially urgent responses.
(c) Fishing port
  • Emergency construction works are being conducted for 57 fishing ports of Iwate and Miyagi prefectures that require rubble removal and repairing of piers immediately.
(d) Agricultural land
  • For damaged agricultural lands and facilities, the construction works are being conducted for 74 sites before completing assessment.
  • Emergency restoration works being conducted in the damaged area are as follows;
    Provision of 64 emergency disaster pumps to assist drainage and to support the irrigation for planting
    Rubble removal for drainage gates
    Emergency restoration of drainage pumping station
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