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Important Councils

What are Important Councils?

When administrative reform took place in 2001, strengthening the function of the Cabinet was among the most important items. From this point, the Cabinet Office was set up to strengthen the role of supporting the Cabinet.
The Cabinet Office works as "the place of wisdom" that helps the Cabinet and the Prime Minister. The Cabinet Office has four important councils; the chairman of each council should be either the Prime Minister or the Chief Cabinet Secretary, while members of the councils are designated to ministers in charge of related policies and specialists in the designated fields:

1)Council on Economy and Fiscal Policy
2)Council for Science and Technology Policy
3)Central Disaster Management Council
4)Council for Gender Equality

Council on Economic and Fiscal Policy

Roles of the Council

  1. In response to inquiries by the Prime Minister, carrying out surveys and discussions on important economic and fiscal policies (e.g. Basic Policies for Economic and Fiscal Management and Reform, Basic Principles of Budget Formulation).
  2. In compliance with inquiries by the Prime Minister and/or responsible ministers, examining and ensuring consistency among important economic policies.
  3. Advising the Prime Minister on the above issues.

Council on Economic and Fiscal Policy

Council for Science, Technology and Innovation Policy

Roles of the Council

  1. Investigate and discuss basic science and technology policies
  2. Investigate and discuss the allocation of resources including science and technology budgets
  3. Evaluate Japan ’s key research and development

Members

Chair Prime Minister
Member 7 Ministers (including Prime Minister and Minister of State for S&T policy) and 8 Executive Members
Secretariat Bureau of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy, Cabinet Office

Council for Science, Technology and Innovation Policy

Central Disaster Management Council

Roles of the Council

  1. Formulate and promote implementation of the Basic Disaster Management Plan and Earthquake Countermeasures Plans.
  2. Deliberate important issues on disaster reduction according to requests from the Prime Minister or Minister of State for Disaster Management
    (basic disaster management policies, overall coordination of disaster countermeasures and declaration of state of disaster emergency)
  3. Offer opinions regarding important issues on disaster reduction to the Prime Minister and Minister of State for Disaster Management.

Members

Chair Prime Minister
Members Minister of State for Disaster Management and all Cabinet Ministers

Heads of designated public corporation (4)
  Haruhiko Kuroda Governor of the Bank of Japan
  Tadateru Konoe President of Japanese Red Cross Society
  Masayuki Matsumoto President of Nippon-Hoso Kyokai (Japan Broadcasting Corporation)
  Hiroo Unoura President of Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation
 
Experts (4)
  Katsuyuki Abe Honorary professor of the University of Tokyo
  Hirohiko Izumida Governor of Niigata Prefecture
  Hisako Komuro Professor of Tokyo International University
  Shigeji Watanabe Vice Chairman of Japan Firefighters Association

Council for Gender Equality

Roles of the Council

  1. To submit its opinions to the Prime Minister with regard to the Basic Plan for Gender Equality.
  2. To study and deliberate upon basic policies and measures and important matters with regard to promotion of the formation of a gender-equal society in response to consultations with the Prime Minister and other relevant ministers, and submit its opinions to them, when recognized as necessary after study and deliberation.
  3. To monitor the implementation status of government measures to promote the formation of a gender-equal society, to study the impacts of government measures on the formation of a gender-equal society, and to submit its opinions to the Prime Minister and other relevant ministers when recognized as necessary.

Members

Chairperson Chief Cabinet Secretary
Member Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications
  Minister of Justice
  Minister for Foreign Affairs
  Minister of Finance
Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
  Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare
  Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
  Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
Minister of the Environment
  Chairman of the National Public Safety Commission
  Minister of State for Gender Equality
  Kentaro Iemoto President and CEO, CLARA ONLINE, Inc.
  Kimie Iwata President, Japan Institute for Workers' Empowerment
  Mutsutake Otsuka Executive Adviser to the Board, East Japan Railway Company
  Naomi Okamoto Deputy President, Japanese Trade Union Confederation
  Tomiko Kakinuma President, National Federation of Regional Women's Organizations
  Takashi Kashima Professor, Jissen Women's University
  Kazuyo Katsuma Economic Analyst
Visiting Professor, Chuo University
  Hiroki Sato Professor, University of Tokyo
  Shiro Takahashi Professor, Meisei University
  Harumi Takahashi Governor of Hokkaido Prefecture
  Miyoko Tsujimura Professor, Meiji University
  Emiko Munakata Representative Director, Specified Nonprofit Corporation Equal Net Sendai
Cabinet Office, Government of Japan1-6-1 Nagata-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8914, Japan.
Tel: +81-3-5253-2111